Thursday, 21 June 2018

Proteomics - Protein Dynamics

Quantification of Nuclear Protein Dynamics Reveals Chromatin Remodeling During AcuteProtein Degradation

Sequencing-based technologies cannot measure post-transcriptional dynamics of the nuclear proteome, but unbiased mass-spectrometry measurements of nuclear proteins remain difficult. In this work, we have combined facile nuclear sub-fractionation approaches with data-independent acquisition mass spectrometry to improve detection and quantification of nuclear proteins in human cells and tissues. Nuclei are isolated and subjected to a series of extraction conditions that enrich for nucleoplasm, euchromatin, heterochromatin and nuclear-membrane associated proteins. Using this approach, we can measure peptides from over 70% of the expressed nuclear proteome. As we are physically separating chromatin compartments prior to analysis, proteins can be assigned into functional chromatin environments that illuminate systems-wide nuclear protein dynamics. To validate the integrity of nuclear sub-compartments, immunofluorescence confirms the presence of key markers during chromatin extraction. We then apply this method to study the nuclear proteome-wide response to during pharmacological degradation of the BET bromodomain proteins. BET degradation leads to widespread changes in chromatin composition, and we discover global HDAC1/2-mediated remodeling of chromatin previously bound by BET bromodomains. In summary, we have developed a technology for reproducible, comprehensive characterization of the nuclear proteome to observe the systems-wide nuclear protein dynamics.

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